What to do if you have sleeping disorders

The 21st century has been one of rapid changes. A fast paced life is the trademark of all urban communities. Amidst this mad rush, the one thing that is compromised is sleep. A good night rest has become an extravagance, a luxury that people cannot afford. Yet what most people do not realize is that sleeping well has more advantages than simply giving rest to your body. A healthy sleep is essential for a healthy body and mind. It gives us clarity of thought, a focused mind and even the ability to control emotions. Therefore, a lack of sleep means all these areas are hampered. Additionally it can also cause chronic diseases like diabetes, heart related diseases, depression, obesity and even attack the immunity system which helps our body fight diseases and infections.

How much should you sleep?

As we grow older, our sleep requirements keep changing. Children and infants are supposed to get the most amount of sleep. Ideally, up till the age of 5, children should sleep at least for 13 hours. As they grow older, 9 hours of good sleep should suffice. Of course, how much sleep you ought to get depends on other factors as well. Genetics can affect your sleep to a large extent. Also, as long as you sleep without waking up even once, you can sleep for a lesser number of hours.

Factors disturbing sleep

Here are a number of factors that prevent you from getting that good night rest.

1. Narcolepsy.

This is basically a disorder where the person gets sudden ‘sleep attacks’ anytime during the day. This is characterized by falling asleep without warning or suddenly feeling sleepy.

2. Sleep Apnea.

This is a disorder wherein the airway of the body repeatedly gets blocked leading to disturbance while sleeping. It occurs when the muscles at the back of your throat relax, narrow and as a result block your airway. This can further lead to snoring, headaches and a dry mouth. If not treated, this can lead to long term complications like memory loss, high BP, and diabetes

3. Insomnia.

This is a disorder that most people have either heard or experienced personally. According to healthline.com, one third of adults are said to have experienced insomnia. It is characterized by trouble falling asleep or problems with remaining asleep or both. Driving on the road, for instance, can get adversely affected owing to insomnia or if you are taking medicine for your disorders like CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure). According to Schmidt and Clark, there can be issues that can be caused once you are affected by CPAP.

4. Parasomnia

These are issues that are less common as compared to insomnia but one that does affect quite a lot of people. Parasomnia includes abnormal behaviors like having nightmares, sleep walking, sleep talking and so on.

5. Restless Leg Syndrome

This is basically a sensation present in your body that makes you move your legs constantly even while you are sleeping.

6. Occasional Disturbances like jet lag, stress and a busy schedule can also affect your sleep to a great extent.

As much as the quantity of sleep is important, the quality of that sleep also makes a big difference. So if you sleep for 10 hours and yet don’t reach a deep stage of sleep, you will still end up feeling tired in the morning. All these sleeping disorders have underlying medical conditions and can be diagnosed and treated.

Treatment options

1. For issues like mild sleep apnea, your doctor may advise you to make some lifestyle changes including treating nasal allergies, quitting smoking, and losing weight. For moderate to severe cases, your doctor may suggest a CPAP machine. This gives a constant flow of air via a mask that is worn by the patient. This steady stream prevents the passages from closing while sleeping. In extremely severe cases, the doctor may suggest surgery to remove the tissues that block the airway.

2. Problems like insomnia are treated with a different approach. One of the first ways that a doctor suggests is to work with a therapist in what is known as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. This is used to treat mental health issues like anxiety and depression. There are also medicines available to treat insomnia.

3. A good way to work on sleep disturbances is to consult with a sleep expert. These experts are trained to help you establish better sleep practices.

4. Doctors also try to find issues that could affect your sleep and try and solve those issues first so that the sleep can be made better.

5. One of the most effective ways to treat sleeping troubles is to make an effective change in lifestyle. The doctor will recommend adjusting your daily activities so as to enhance the sleep quality at night. Eating and drinking healthy also goes a long way in helping you sleep better at night. It is better to avoid caffeine and exercise before bedtime.

Legal help in case of trouble

At times, there is a chance for these medical treatments to go wrong. It is natural to be worried about this and so it is always better to consider all other options before taking extreme treatments. The risks are higher in the case of medical treatments like CPAP. However, you can take the help of legal firms for assistance in such matters. So, if either you or a loved one has been the victim of any medical mishap, you can visit this page for expert help.